Porcelain is a ceramic material and made by heating raw materials at high temperatures to achieve glassy, vitreous features such as low porosity and translucence. The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain arise mainly from the formation of glass and the mineral mullite within the fired body at these high temperatures. It is originated in China and manufactured during Tang Dynasty (618-906). Before true porcelain manufacturing, protoporlecain -glazed stoneware- were getting produced by Eastern Han Dynasty having some of the characteristics of true porcelain without translucency.
These tiles are dense and by definitio, they have water absorption of 0.5% or less. Non-porcelain tiles have water absorption greater than 0.5%.
Porcelain has many usage, from our dining tables to electric insulating materials and of course the products we sell in our stores; Porcelain Tiles as building materials.
There are a lot of manufacturers produce porcelain tiles around the globe with China, Spain, Italy and Turkey being as the leaders.
Porcelain tiles are being used in many historic places decorating rooms entirely; such as palaces, or some historic places like Porcelain Tower of Nanjing in China.